Choosing the right shop is key

Pawnshops have to follow strict regulations at both the local and federal levels. Pawnbrokers are required by federal law to have a special license to buy and sell firearms. Before taking in your firearm you wish to pawn or sell make sure the shop you go to accepts them.

The #1 Rule of Firearm Sales is – Make sure it’s unloaded. All guns should be unloaded with the chamber cleared before you bring them into the pawnshop. If you have the case, secure, and carry it in the case. The sales associate will also verify that it is not loaded. This is for the protection of all involved and around near the transaction.

Handling the firearm during a transaction

Always point the gun down and away from people. Loaded or not, guns should always be treated as if they have a bullet in the chamber. Please keep your finger away from the trigger.   It is best to treat a firearm like it is loaded and take safety precautions even when you know it is unloaded. Once the sales associate has verified the firearm is unloaded, they will place a safety zip strap through some part of the firearm to make sure it cannot be loaded. This is just an extra safety precaution. Always better safe than sorry.

Safety when picking up your firearm from the pawnshop at the end of a pawn contract

When you retrieve your firearm from a pawn shop, the pawnbroker is required by law to do a background check. This is the same background check you do when you purchase a firearm. It is not personal but a federal requirement. Pawnshops understand no one likes having to fill out paperwork on something they already own, but in order to be in compliance with the law, it has to be done.

How to make the entire background check process easier:

Have the required forms of ID available. First, you will need to have a state-issued photo ID such as a driver’s license or a state-issued non-driver’s identification. The state-issued photo ID is required to do both the pawn itself as well as the background check.

Does the address on your ID match your current physical address?

Make sure your current address is on the state-issued photo IDIf your current address is not on your photo ID, it’s not that big of a deal. However, you will still need to have some form of paperwork from a state-issued agency with your current address on it for pawn shops to process your background check. If your current address is not on your photo ID, you may also use a valid pistol permit, fishing license, or vehicle registration since they are all issued by state agencies.

After the background check

Once the form is filled out, the background check is done through the FBI. The FBI will respond one of three ways: 1) proceed, 2) delayed, or 3) denied.

Proceed – you can walk out with your firearm right then and there, the same day.

Delayed – You have to wait to hear from them again before releasing the firearm to you. A delay status can happen if:

  • If you have a very common name
  • If you’ve ever had a secret or top-secret security clearance on the military
  • If your social security number or name is close to that of a convicted felon
  • If you have unpaid speeding or parking tickets

After a set timeframe, your firearm can be released to you. However, due to federal law, pawn shops have to wait for that time to pass. Rest assured that the pawnshop should let you know before you leave their store.

Denied – The firearm cannot be released to you. The reason for this could be that you’ve had a felony conviction of any kind at any time. Any convictions of any kind such as for domestic violence, dishonorable discharge from the military, being adjudicated as a mental defective by a court of law, renouncing your US citizenship, etc. may result in a denied response.

If it happens that your paperwork comes back with a denied status, the pawnbroker can refund the money you paid to get your firearm out of pawn, or you can complete an appeal form and contest the denial with the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives.

Have more questions about the pawning process or ready to pawn an item? First Pawn Jewelry and Loan is a family-owned business with a customer-first mentality. With two convenient locations in Southwest Florida, we are happy to work with you to get you the best sale, trade-in, or pawn value.

Come see us at:

First Pawn 889 Airport Road South, Naples, FL 34104 | 239-434-7296

First Pawn 1331 Homestead Rd N, Lehigh Acres, FL 33936 | 239-369-2274




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